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Nepal Trekking Information

Find below trekking information on the following topics.

You would find here the basic background information that would give you an idea for the planning of a trekking tour in Nepal .

Nepal Trekking Map

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Nepal trekking map

Popular Trekking Areas of Nepal

Nepal Trekking GroupThe most popular trekking areas are the Annapurna and the Mt Everest regions. These two areas receive almost 80 % of the total trekkers. Then comes the Langtang region. The Upper Mustang , Dolpo and Manaslu are exotic trekking areas to see preserved natural and cultural heritages. These are also quite popular treks . The Rara lake region in western Nepal and the Makalu and Kanchenjunga regions in eastern Nepal are other important areas, but they receive less trekkers due to lack of road access and not having lodges along the trekking trail.

The Best Treks in Nepal

If you ask which are the best treks in Nepal, it would be hard to answer as different regions are famous for different reasons and also it is a matter that depends on the personal interest of the individuals. However considering the mountain views, cultural experience and general popularity, The Everest Base Camp trek, , Gokyo Lake and Cho La pass trek,  Annapurna Base camp trek (Annapurna sanctuary trek ),  Annapurna circuit trek can be taken as the best treks in Nepal.

For those with interest in remote regions and exotic culture, the Mustang trek, Dolpo trek and Manaslu trek are  the best choices.

Best Short Treks In Nepal

Tea House KitchenFor those who have only a short time to enjoy the Himalayan trekking in Nepal, the following could be the best treks , best on the mountain scenery, cultural experience and flora and fauna .

2 days – The Dhampus trek from Pokhara
3 days – The Ghandruk trek from Pokhara
4-5 days – The Ghorepani Poon Hill trek form Pokhara.

The one or  two days Nagarkot hike or two days Chisapani hike are good treks that can be done from Kathmandu.

For those looking for a short trek in the Everest region, the 7 days Everest Mini Trek is really a great trek .

The Best Trekking Season

The time without snow and without rainfall is the best time to visit the  mountain trails. That said,  October to  early December and March to Mid June are the best seasons for trekking in Nepal. This again depends on  which  area you want to visit .For example there are some very good treks that are done on relatively low altitudes and they can be done even in January (as there will be no snow there), the Poon Hill Ghorepani trek is one of them .  Likewise wildflower treks and also Mustang trekking  and Dolpo trekking  in rain shadow zones  are best done during summer days of July and August.

Trekking LodgeTrekking styles (Tea Houses or Camping Treks)

The popular  trekking routes of Everest, Annapurna and Langtang have lodges at frequent stops .We can have lunch or stay for overnight in these lodges. A trek in which we use these lodges for our food and accommodation is called tea house trekking. Often these tea houses are family run inns with good basic facilities like clean bed and western and local foods  but no luxury .Originally, before trekking was introduced in Nepal, there were small tea shops in the places where we have lodges now,  serving tea and  snacks for the local villagers travelling from one village to the other , hence the name " tea house." Unlike this , a fully supported trek in which we carry all our supplies and equipments  is called camping trek or an organized trek. In such a trek our Sherpa crew will make the tents for you and our cook will prepare  all the meals .

Trekking PortersTrekking Porters and Guides
In each trekking group there will be one guide who will be in charge of all the arrangements in the trek and required number of porters. Generally one porter is provided for two trekkers, he carries a load of 20-25 kg depending on the trial, which is enough to include all the essentials of two trekkers in the mountains.  They carry the load in the head in our traditional way, often the rucksacks or the duffel bags  are easier for them to carry. We have assistant guide and a cook too in a bigger group to look after the food and lodging things.

However there will be a big number of kitchen staffs, porters and cooks in a fully supported camping trek /organized trek. Where available we use ponies or yaks to carry the luggages .

A typical trek day

Your trekking day starts at around 6 am with a cup of tea or coffee at your tent /l odge. You wash your face with warm water and prepare yourself for breakfast at around 7.30 . The trek starts after breakfast, you walk at your own pace,  frequently stopping to enjoy good views and take photographs .You carry only a day pack   containing your personal goods that you need during the day. The porters and Yaks will carry the rest . After a walk of about 3 hours we stop for lunch .It lasts for about 1.5 hours .With  another session of walking for 3 to 4 hours we reach our camp , which is often a scenic spot .While you rest , the trekking  crew will fix the tents  for you .You relax or walk around the camp, enjoy tea/coffee. Around 6-7 PM you will have your dinner, talk about the day's experience with other members or enjoy the Himalayan solitude yourself.

Foods on the trek

In a  lodge to lodge (tea house ) trek you can expect  to get mostly  continental and local foods and can choose it from the a la carte  menus.  You can also get some Tibetan , Chinese , Nepalese and even Indian and Italian dishes on the tea houses.  The food is good and  well enjoyed by the trekkers. In higher altitudes near the base camps of  the mountains, you get less varieties than in the lower altitudes. We provide three meals with tea or coffee. Wherever possible we try to offer you fresh vegetables from the village , fresh fruits etc. If you are doing high altitude treks like the Everest base camp , do not consume alcohols ( you get beers and whisky even in mountains) until  you reach your destination. Alcohol consumption  may increase the chances of altitude sickness.  You are allowed to choose the food you like but it is wiser not to order different dishes for each persons as cooking so many dishes takes a long time. Some lodges do not have many ovens and may be they have only one cook.  Making a combined order saves time , specially in lunch . You can buy bottled water in the mountains but we suggest you to bring water purifiers like iodine and avoid bottled water. Water bottles are major source of pollution in the mountains.

If you are in a camping trek  we provide you multi course dishes from starters to deserts .  We have excellent cooks to prepare hot and delicious meals. A full set of facilities including kitchen and dining tents , tables and chairs are provided.

Average Temperature in Nepal (Centigrade Scale)

  Sept Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May
Kathmandu 16/30 16/28 14/26 7/22 1/20 1/18 4/20 7/25 12/28
1000m 20/28 16/25 11/22 6/20 5/19 8/20 11/25 15/29 17/30
2000m 13/22 10/21 4/17 1/14 0/13 1/14 4/18 8/22 12/23
3000m 11/19 6/18 1/15 -2/13 -3/12 -1/13 2/16 5/19 8/20
4000m 1/13 -4/12 -8/8 -10/6 -12/4 -10/5 -7/9 -3/12 -2/13
5000m -3/10 -9/8 -13/6 -15/4 -20/3 -15/5 -10/7 -7/11 -3/11

 Equipments and clothing

The equipments and clothing list below is for a relatively longer trek involving a cold high altitude destination. If you are doing a short trek to a relatively lower altitude you may not need all these. The list below is for a guideline alone , you may have your own check list as well. Please note that most of the trekking items are easily available for buying or renting in Nepal and you are suggest not to bring unnecessary items with you.

For Head  
Cap for sun protection during trek
sunscreen lotion/sun balm

For Body
T-shirts and long sleeved shirts
fleece or thermal shirts for colder areas
fleece jumper/sweaters
Down jacket
wind /water proof outer garment

For leg and hand
Casual troussers for walking
Water proof trouser
Thermal legging for colder areas
Hand gloves


Trekking Shoes For foot
woolen and cotton socks
Trainer or casual shoes
Waterproof hiking boot
Gaiter for rain and snow

Rucksack /duffel bags
Day sack to carry personally
Personal medicines and  first aid kit
water bottle and iodine tablets
Torch (better head torch)
 Camera and extra batteries
toiletries and towel
Large hankerchief

Optional items
compass , binoculars , altimeters
Playing cards , books, guide book

Trekking Permits:

Everest, Annapurna, Langtang and Rara regions do not require a trekking permit  but require a national park fee of respectively of  USD 31, 15 and 15 . However, these following special areas  do require a trekking permit:

The trekking permit / national park conservation fees are as follows for different regions .

1. Everest, Langtang and Rara regions:  USD 15

2. Annapurna region:  USD 31

3. Lower Dolpo and Kanchenjunga trekking:  - Per week per person USD 10

4. Manaslu  and Narphu valley trekking:  – US$ 70 per person per week for trekking during Sept- Nov and US$ 50 per week per person during December- August.  After seven days USD 10 or USD 7 perperson per day asper the trekking months .

5. Humla trekking: - US$ 50 per person for the first seven days and US$ 7 per day thereafter.

6. Upper Mustang and Upper Dolpo trekking:  - US$ 500 per person for the  first ten days and US$ 50 per person per day thereafter.

An entrance fee is levied for visits to all National Parks and Conservation Areas. There is no charge for children under 10 years

Weather problems / Flight cancellations in the mountains

During summer months and during January and February, there are chances that the flights to Luka, Jomsom , Juphal   or remote airstrips may get cancelled due to bad weather. So it is always wise if you have one extra day just in such a case so that you do not miss your international flight not reaching kathmandu in time.  In case of flight cancellation in the mountains, you will have to pay for the extra expenses like your food and lodging yourself as that would not be included in the trip cost, while the company will bear that of our staffs. 

Altitude sickness in the mountains

Higher altitude have lesser oxygen in the air. If you ascend the mountains quickly, your body is not adjusted to  that low level of oxygen which results with symptoms of loss of appetite, nausea , bad dreams , lack of sleep etc. In serious cases vomiting and other symptoms may appear and results in immediate  death. There is no medicine to cure altitude sickness.

Generally altitude sickness attacks  from an altitude of 3000 m If you do not ascend much height in a single day from 3000 m  onward, if you give  proper attention to  rest ,and if you do not consume excessive alcohol,  you are unlikely to have any problem. Incase  you have the symptoms of altitude sickness , the best and only treatment to do is immediately descend down .You will be perfectly ok .Each and every cases of altitude sickness  is preventable, if you just inform your guide as soon as you experience  some  of the symptoms. However, if you neglect , altitude sickness can be fatal .In many cases people simply do not care or just hide the symptoms  for the fear that their group member will find him/her unfit , or  for a mistaken wish to continue together.

People of every age groups are succeptible , while people having heart and breathing problems are more vulnerable.

Our guides will be carrying "Diamox ", a medicine that does not cure altitude sickness but helps prevent it.

If you feel like you will develop a symptom of altitude sickness,  you are supposed to take it  before you start the trek, not after they symptom develops.  If you are doing a high altitude trek, you  had better check with your physician before you leave the country, if you have heart and breathing problem or not and if diamox would have any adverse effect on you. Besides, taking plenty of hot water, keeping onself relaxed, not consuming alcohol and walking slowly and taking enough rest will help to avoid altitude sickness.

In all our treks we give first priority to safety. All our trekking  guides have good knowledge of altitude sickness and brief you well before the trek starts. They will frequently check if you have any symptoms and you can best help them informing in time.  In serious cases after descending down to required height  they will request for the company for  helicopter rescue and you will be evacuated to Kathmandu. In all the longer treks we have acclimatization days , which are the days to relax and adjust the body to the new height.  If you just care  these points, you will enjoy and complete  your trekking in Nepal successfully.

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